Ever since the end of the 1800's Holmenkollen, and the surrounding area, have drawn large crowds of Norwegian ski enthusiasts every winter. Skiing, be it cross country, alpine, or the jumping type, is enormously popular in Norway, which has led to a rapid development of the ski arena in Holmenkollen. Today this arena is home to some of the world's most famous winter sports events including the Holmenkollen Ski Festival which is affectionately nicknamed "the second national day" of Norway.
1892-1931: Humble beginnings
The very first ski jumping competition in Holmenkollen took place in 1892 in front of a crowd of 12 000 people. Spectators could enjoy the 18 kilometre cross country event one day, and then a winning jump of 21,5 metres the next. A good ski athlete had to be able to perform well in both disciplines.
For the first few years the ski jump was simply a natural hill with a takeoff ramp built from snow and twigs. As the 1900's progressed and the sport became ever more popular the inrun, where the skiers start their descent, was gradually built taller with wooden scaffolding that allowed skiers to jump even further.
1950-1984: The Olympics, World Cup, and female ski jumpers
When Oslo was awarded the 1952 Winter Olympics the arena was improved with a taller tower that included an elevator for the athletes. The Ski Museum moved in underneath the table, where the jumpers start their flight, and the pond at the bottom of the hill was dug out to achieve greater jump lengths. Permanent spectator stands were built for the first time, as well as special stands for judges and the Norwegian royal family. The Olympic ski jumping competition this year drew between 120 000 and 150 000 spectators, a record that still stands to this day.
When the World Cup of 1966 came around Holmenkollen ski jump had gotten its famous architectural profile that made it into a famous landmark. At this time female athletes were also starting to gain access to the ski jump although they werent' allowed to compete just yet. In 1974 Anita Wold became the first woman to jump in Holmenkollen when she performed the opening trial jump of that years ski festival.
Through the years, both the arena and the sport have changed rapidly to accommodate greater athletic achievements and larger crowds. From the pioneering jumps of the late 1800's, via huge changes in slope design and jump technique, Holmenkollen has arrived at its hitherto final form.
2011: The new Holmenkollen
As part of the preparations for the World Cup of 2011, an architectural competition was held to find the best design for a state of the art the ski jump arena. JDS Architects won the competition with a modern new design that managed to maintain the famous Holmenkollen profile and assured its continued status as a major landmark. This new design features two "arms" on either side of the jump that serve as wind protection for the athletes and provide room for new judges' booths and a spectator room for the royal family.
The new Holmenkollen is the result of a long line of major expansions through the years which have helped the sport develop from the pioneering jumps of 20 metres in 1892 to skiers regularly reaching 140 metres or more in today's arena.